A New Political Style: From John Quincy Adams to Andrew Jackson

A timeline shows important events of the era. In 1824, John Quincy Adams is elected president in a “corrupt bargain”; a portrait of Adams is shown. In 1828, the “Tariff of Abominations” protects northern manufacturers, and Andrew Jackson wins the popular and electoral votes; a portrait of Jackson is shown. In 1830, Congress passes the Indian Removal Act; a portrait of Sauk chief Black Hawk is shown. In 1832, the Nullification Crisis risks violent secession, and President Jackson vetoes the renewal of the Second Bank of the United States. In 1834, the Whig Party forms in opposition to the Democratic Party. In 1837, a financial panic prompts an extended recession. In 1840, Whig candidate William Henry Harrison is elected president; a portrait of Harrison is shown.

In the 1820s, American political culture gave way to the democratic urges of the citizenry. Political leaders and parties rose to popularity by championing the will of the people, pushing the country toward a future in which a wider swath of citizens gained a political voice. However, this expansion of political power was limited to white men; women, free blacks, and Indians remained—or grew increasingly—disenfranchised by the American political system.