The Public Presidency

President Theodore Roosevelt’s concept of the bully pulpit was the office’s ________.

  1. authority to use force, especially military force
  2. constitutional power to veto legislation
  3. premier position to pressure through public appeal
  4. ability to use technology to enhance the voice of the president



In what ways have first ladies expanded the role of their office over the twentieth century?

How were presidents in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries likely to reach the public? Were these methods effective?


Presidents of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries might make speeches or publish letters in newspapers across the country. These methods may have been effective in their day, but not in comparison to the ability of modern presidents with television, radio, and the Internet at their disposal.