Toward a Merit-Based Civil Service

The Civil Service Commission was created by the ________.

  1. Pendleton Act of 1883
  2. Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912
  3. Hatch Act of 1939
  4. Political Activities Act of 1939



The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 created the Office of Personnel Management and the ________.

  1. Civil Service Commission
  2. Merit Systems Protection Board
  3. “spoils system”
  4. General Schedule

Briefly explain the benefits and drawbacks of a merit system.


A benefit of the merit system is that it helps to ensure the most qualified applicants are given the position. A drawback is that the bureaucracy is less responsive to the will of elected leaders than under patronage.