Toward a Merit-Based Civil Service

The Civil Service Commission was created by the ________.

  1. Pendleton Act of 1883
  2. Lloyd–La Follette Act of 1912
  3. Hatch Act of 1939
  4. Political Activities Act of 1939

Hint:

A

The Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 created the Office of Personnel Management and the ________.

  1. Civil Service Commission
  2. Merit Systems Protection Board
  3. “spoils system”
  4. General Schedule

Briefly explain the benefits and drawbacks of a merit system.

Hint:

A benefit of the merit system is that it helps to ensure the most qualified applicants are given the position. A drawback is that the bureaucracy is less responsive to the will of elected leaders than under patronage.