Osmoregulation and Osmotic Balance

Free Response

Why is excretion important in order to achieve osmotic balance?

Hint:

Excretion allows an organism to rid itself of waste molecules that could be toxic if allowed to accumulate. It also allows the organism to keep the amount of water and dissolved solutes in balance.

Why do electrolyte ions move across membranes by active transport?

Hint:

Electrolyte ions often require special mechanisms to cross the semi-permeable membranes in the body. Active transport is the movement against a concentration gradient.