How is an argument structured?

Claims, Reasons, and Evidence

Opening

Read the terms you’ll use to discuss well-developed arguments.

  • Claim: What do you want your listeners/readers to believe?
  • Reasons:Why should they believe what you tell them?
  • Evidence: Whatfacts andspecific examples prove that your reasons are true? Remember, the more specific and objective your evidence, the more convincing your argument. Your readers or listeners should not be able to doubt that your evidence is true, even if they initially disagree with yourclaim or yourreasons .
  • Counterclaims : What is the opposing argument?