Theme Analysis

Theme Analysis

Other Sacrifices

Work Time

Carton is making the ultimate sacrifice. Yet consider the sacrifices others make in these final chapters. In a small group, discuss the following.

  • What is the sacrifice of the seamstress?
  • Turn to the passage in which she talks about the revolution from, "Brave and generous friend,” to “Is the moment come?”
  • Do you find her comments heroic or foolish? Do you think Dickens believes she is sacrificing for the future of France?
  • What is Miss Pross’s sacrifice?
  • Does she seem at all foolish? How heroic is she?

Carton's Vision of the Future

Work Time

Stay in your small group and turn to the vision that Carton has for the future in the final moments of the novel, from “I see Barsad” until the end. Discuss these questions.

  • What is the future Carton sees for the Revolutionaries? For France?
  • What is the future he sees for Lucie and her family? Who is the child with Carton’s name? What is the “better place”?
  • What is the impact on the novel of this “flash forward” into the future? Do you think it is effective?

Once you have considered all of these questions, decide as a class: is Carton a hero? Should he, perhaps, have allowed Darnay to die and tried to marry Lucie?

Reflection on the Novel


  • Follow the directions for Responding to A Tale of Two Cities for your final response to the novel.

Finally, answer the Guiding Questions using what you've learned during the unit to inform your answers.

  • How does good storytelling affect the reader, and how can a good story promote change in the world?
  • What was the Victorian view of gender roles?
  • How can power be abused?
  • What is loyalty ? What are the limits of loyalty?

Open Notebook

Submit your responses to your teacher.