INFOhio Citation Guide

MLA and APA Citation Format

Why cite your sources? 

When you use outside sources for a project, you need to cite them. Your sources could be books, primary source documents, magazines or newspaper articles, and encyclopedia articles. They also may include videos, images, audio recordings, or websites. Below are three reasons why you should cite your sources.

  • Establish that you've used credible sources.
  • Help your readers to find your sources.
  • Give credit to people or ideas you have used.  

Ask your teacher which citation format you should use in your research paper or project. Use the websites and videos linked below to help you create in-text citations and a Works Cited page. 

MLA Citation Format

APA Citation Format

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics: In MLA Style, referring to the works of others in your text is done using parenthetical citations. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. (from OWL Purdue University)

Ask the MLA: Search a list of frequently asked questions about MLA format. (from MLA Style Center)

MLA In-Text Citations Overview: Consult advice from MLA editors regarding the use and format for in-text citations. (from MLA Style Center)

The Basics of MLA In-Text Citation: In this video, you'll learn what to include in an MLA in-text citation, where to place it in a sentence, and how to deal with missing information. (from Scribbr) 

The Basics of MLA In-Text Citation


APA In-Text Citation: The Basics: When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. (from OWL Purdue University)

Six Steps to Proper Citation Infographic: APA Style 7th edition: This infographic provides six steps for including and citing other's work in your research. (from APA Style)

In-Text Citation Checklist: Complete the following checklist for each sentence in your paper that relies on another source. (from APA Style)

The Basics of APA In-Text Citation: This video will go through what to include in an APA in-text citation, where to place it in a sentence, and how to deal with missing information. (from Scribbr)


The Basics of APA In-Text Citation