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Antarctica Geologists Find a Balmy Day on the Lake-14 Million Years Ago
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This article describes a discovery of moss and ostracod fossils that led to a better understanding of Antarctica's climate history.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
Date Added:
03/01/2009
The Boy Scout at the Bottom of the World
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This article profiles Paul Siple, a Boy Scout selected to accompany Admiral Byrd to Antarctica in 1928.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Rachel Hintz
Date Added:
02/09/2021
COSI Connects
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COSI Connects launches audiences of all ages into a universe of science through online videos, activities, plus a free mobile app that enables science exploration even when offline. COSI Connects is helping to bridge the digital divide, promote digital literacy, and address critical science education needs simultaneously. This repository of activities and videos is for learners of all ages and is a great supplement to at-home learning or for use in the classroom.

Subject:
Science
Biology
Chemistry
Earth and Space Science
Engineering
Environmental Science
Human Anatomy and Physiology
Life Science
Physical Geology
Physical Science
Physics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Catalog
Author:
COSI
Date Added:
04/29/2021
Common Misconceptions About Fossils and the History of the Polar Regions
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This article describes common misconceptions held by elementary students about the history of the polar regions, fossils, and geologic time. The article provides ideas for formative assessment, teaching strategies, and the National Science Education Standards.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Common Misconceptions About Rocks and Minerals
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This article discusses geologic misconceptions held by teachers and students and provides resources for formative assessment and teaching correct concepts.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Common Misconceptions about Weathering, Erosion, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
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This article lists common misconceptions about weathering, erosion, volcanoes, and earthquakes. It provides formative assessment probes and information about teaching for conceptual change.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Developing Map Skills Through Earth Science Activities
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This article highlights lesson plans and activities that help elementary students develop map skills as they learn earth science concepts.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
A Dinosaur Cast in Stone
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This article recounts the events on the day in 1990 when Dr. David Elliot, an Ohio State geologist, found a dinosaur fossil high in the Transantarctic Mountains of Antarctica.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Earth's Changing Surface - Issue 9, December 2008
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This issue of the free online magazine, Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears, explores glaciers, wind, water, and volcanoes and their role in shaping the landscape of the polar regions.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
The Ohio State University
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Earth's Changing Surface: Unit Outlines
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This article assembles free resources from the Earth's Changing Surface issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and 3-5.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Fascinating Fossils
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Students will explore how changes in rocks and land formations over time explain the large number of aquatic fossils that can be found across the state of Alabama. They will model volcanic eruptions and fossil formation through a hands-on activity using baking soda, vinegar, and playdough. Then they will read a news article to determine that Alabama was underwater at one time, which explains how aquatic fossils are found across the state. Finally, they will write and illustrate an explanation that shows how layers and fossils found in rock are evidence that these rocks changed over time. This lesson results from the ALEX Resource Gap Project.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
The Forces that Change the Face of Earth
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This article provides science content knowledge about forces that shape the Earth's surface: erosion by wind, water, and ice, volcanoes, earthquakes, and plate tectonics and how these forces affect Earth's polar regions.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Fossil Insects? We’ve Got ‘Em!
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Educational Use
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Curator of Invertebrate Zoology Dr. Joe Hannibal gives us a behind-the-scenes tour of the Museum’s invertebrate paleontology collections, from tiny brachiopods to massive millipedes.

Subject:
Science
Life Science
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Cleveland Museum of Natural History
Provider Set:
CMNH@Home
Date Added:
04/23/2021
Geologic Time, Fossils, and Archaeology: Content Knowledge for Teachers
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This article provides links to web sites about geologic time, fossils, and the archaeology and culture of the Arctic for elementary teachers.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Hands-On Science and Literacy Activities about Rocks and Minerals
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This article provides links to inquiry-based, hands-on science lessons that teach elementary students about rocks and minerals. Literacy lessons and integrations are included for each science lesson.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Hands-on Science and Literacy Activities about Erosion, Volcanoes, and Earthquakes
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This article highlights science and literacy lessons to teach elementary students about erosion, glaciers, volcanoes, and earthquakes. Links to national standards are included.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
The Heart of Erebus
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This article, written for students in grades 4-5, discusses the world's most southern active volcano, Mt. Erebus of Antarctica. Modified versions are available for students in younger grades.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
02/09/2021
The Heart of Erebus:Grades 4-5: Electronic Book
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. Students read about Dr. Philip Kyle, a scientist with the Mt. Erebus Volcano Observatory (MEVO). The text is written at a grade four through grade five reading level. This is an onscreen version that contains recorded narration allowing students to listen to the text as they read along. Highlighted vocabulary words have individually recorded definitions heard by clicking on the links.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
07/17/2010
The Heart of Erebus: Grades 4-5: Illustrated Book
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. Students in grades 4-5 read about Dr. Philip Kyle, a scientist with the Mt. Erebus Volcano Observatory (MEVO). The text is written at a grade four through grade five reading level. This version is a full-color PDF that can be printed, cut and folded to form a book. Each book contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
07/17/2010
How Grand is the Grand Canyon?
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In this lesson, students will conduct an experiment to compare similarities and differences with wind and water erosion. Students will create a narrative story describing a particular rock formation based on evidence in the rock patterns, including an estimated time frame, plants and animals that may have been living in the environment, and the type of erosion that formed their rock formation. This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.

Subject:
English Language Arts
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
How could the continents move? A Lab Activity
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Students will begin this inquiry-based activity by predicting how the continents of Earth could move over time. Next, students will complete a lab activity in collaborative groups, in which they will create a model showing how Earth's internal heat energy can create convection currents that result in plate movements. Lastly, students will use their model to explain how Earth's tectonic plates move over millions of years. This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
Ice Sculptures: Grades 2-3: Illustrated Book
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This informational text explores how glaciers have eroded and shaped Earth's landscape. It is at a reading level appropriate for second through third grades. It is a full-color pdf file that can be printed, cut, and folded to form a 2 1/8" by 2 3/4" book. It contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
08/17/2009
Ice Sculptures: Grades 2-3: text only version
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This informational text explores how glaciers have eroded and shaped Earth's landscape. The text is at a reading level appropriate for second through third grades. It is a pdf file that includes only the text and a glossary.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
08/17/2009
Ice Sculptures: Grades 4-5: text only version
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This informational text explores how glaciers have eroded and shaped Earth's landscape. The text is at a reading level appropriate for fourth through fifth grades. It is a pdf file that includes only the text and a glossary.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
08/17/2009
Ice Sculptures: Grades K-1: Illustrated Book
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This informational text explores how glaciers have eroded and shaped Earth's landscape. The text is at a reading level appropriate for Kindergarten through first grades. It is a full-color pdf file that can be printed, cut, and folded to form a 2 1/8" by 2 3/4" book. It contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
08/17/2009
Ice Sculptures: Grades K-1: text only version
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This informational text explores how glaciers have eroded and shaped Earth's landscape. The text is at a reading level appropriate for Kindergarten through first grades. It is a pdf file that includes only the text and a glossary.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
08/17/2009
It's All Absolutely Relative: Creating a Geologic Time Scale
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Students will begin this lesson by ordering the events of their morning using relative and absolute dating techniques. Students will also write a personal definition of the terms absolute age and relative age. Next, students will work with collaborative groups to order events in Earth's geologic history by relative age, then order those same events by absolute age in a scaled model timeline. Lastly, students will use the time-scale model created with their group members to analyze events in Earth's geologic history. This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
Learning About Antarctica's Past
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Learning about Antarctica's past can give K-Grade 5 teachers and students lessons in geology, climate, and ecology along with literacy experiences in sequencing and time lines. The author identifies online resources for both adults and younger learners. A three-section unit plan begins with sequencing events and follows with earth's history over billions of years and the records found in rocks and fossils. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Unit of Study
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
National Science Foundation
Date Added:
10/17/2011
Magnetism, Mountains, and Moving Plates: Tales of a Polar Geologist
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This article profiles Dr. Anne Grunow, curator of the United States Polar Rock Repository, and discusses her work as a polar geologist.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Modeling Earth's Layers: How Can Thermal Convection Cause Earth's Materials to Move?
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Students will create a labeled sketch of Earth's interior, read a variety of informational texts and complete a jot chart that will utilize available evidence to describe the Earth's interior layers and explain the role of thermal convection in the movement of Earth's materials. Students will create a model of the Earth's layers and present this model to their classmates, explaining the role of thermal convection in the movement of Earth's materials. This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades 2-3:Electronic Book
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. The text is written at a grade two through grade three reading level. This is an onscreen version that contains recorded narration allowing students to listen to the text as they read along. Highlighted vocabulary words have individually recorded definitions heard by clicking on the links.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades 2-3: Illustrated Book
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. The text is written at a grade two through grade three reading level. This version is a full-color PDF that can be printed, cut and folded to form a book. Each book contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades 2-3: text only version
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. The text is written at a grade two through grade three reading level. This is a PDF containing the informational text and a glossary.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades K-1: Electronic Book
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This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. The text is written at a kindergarten through grade one reading level. This is an onscreen version that contains recorded narration allowing students to listen to the text as they read along. Highlighted vocabulary words have individually recorded definitions heard by clicking on the links.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades K-1: Illustrated Book
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CC BY-SA
Rating

This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. Students read about the volcano in a simplified manner. The text is written at a kindergarten through grade one reading level. This version is a full-color PDF that can be printed, cut and folded to form a book. Each book contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus: A Surprising Volcano: Grades K-1: text only version
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CC BY-SA
Rating

This informational text introduces students to Mt. Erebus, a volcano located on Ross Island, just off the coast of Antarctica. Mt. Erebus is the world's southernmost active volcano. The reading level is at Kindergarten through grade one. This is a PDF containing the informational text and a glossary.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
07/17/2010
Mt. Erebus, Then and Now
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This article describes the work of Hubert Staudigel and Cathy Constable, researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography who study Mt. Erebus, Antarctica's most active volcano.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Carol Landis
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Reader of the Rocks
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This article profiles Julie Codispoti, assistant curator at the United States Polar Rock Repository, and discusses the basics of polar geology. Modified versions are available for younger students.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
02/09/2021