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The Arctic and Antarctica: Are They the Same, or Different? Grades 1-2: Text Only Version
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This informational text introduces students to similarities and differences in the North and South Poles. The text is written at a grade one through two reading level. This is a PDF containing the informational text and a glossary.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
08/17/2010
Common Misconceptions About the Polar Regions: Geography and Mapping
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This article describes common misconceptions about the Arctic and Antarctica and how to test and teach for student understanding.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Contemporary Issues Facing the Great Lakes
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Educational Use
Rating

In this lesson, students will explore several contemporary issues facing the Great Lakes, including naturally occurring phenomena, such as invasive species, and issues that arise as a result of human activity, such as chemical pollutants.

Subject:
Science
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Great Lakes Now
Date Added:
12/20/2021
DRAFT Grade 5 Instructional Strategies and Supports
Unrestricted Use
Public Domain
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Prior to remote work, work had begun on the social studies instructional strategies and supports to supplement the standards and model curriculum. The work was not completed prior to the COVID-19 shutdown but the draft version of partially completed document is what is being shared with educators.

Subject:
American Government
Economics
Geography
History
Material Type:
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Author:
Ohio educators
Date Added:
09/01/2021
Developing Map Skills Through Earth Science Activities
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This article highlights lesson plans and activities that help elementary students develop map skills as they learn earth science concepts.

Subject:
Physical Geology
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Developing Your Own Sense of Place About the Polar Regions
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This article provides links to web sites that describe the Arctic and Antarctica in terms of geography, climate, and ecosystems.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Digital Mapping and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
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Educational Use
Rating

Geographic information systems (GIS), once used predominantly by experts in cartography and computer programming, have become pervasive in everyday business and consumer use. This unit explores GIS in general as a technology about which much more can be learned, and it also explores applications of that technology. Students experience GIS technology through the use of Google Earth on the environmental topic of plastics in the ocean in an area known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. The use of this topic in GIS makes the unit multidisciplinary, incorporating the physics of ocean currents, the chemistry associated with pollutant degradation and chemical sorption to organic-rich plastics, and ecological impact to aquatic biota.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Full Course
Unit of Study
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Andrey Koptelov
Nathan Howell
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Distorted Disturbances
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Educational Use
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Students pass around and distort messages written on index cards to learn how we use signals from GPS occultations to study the atmosphere. The cards represent information sent from GPS satellites being distorted as they pass through different locations in the Earth's atmosphere and reach other satellites. Analyzing GPS occultations enables better global weather forecasting, storm tracking and climate change monitoring.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Jonah Kisesi
Marissa H. Forbes
Penina Axelrad
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Ecology/Geography Classification
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This short lesson was designed in collaboration with a 7th grade Life Science teacher (Paul Jeffery). The idea behind the lesson is to help students better understand ecological and geographical classifications by teaching them at the same time in their Life Science class and their Geography class. Teaching the two classifications together will help reinforce the idea of classification. While this lesson would best be taught outdoors it can also be adapted to the indoors.

Subject:
Life Science
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Pedagogy in Action
Author:
Brianne Meick
Date Added:
02/24/2021
Exploration Comes to Life with Orienteering, Geocaching
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This article provides an overview of orienteering and geocaching as well as suggestions for incorporating these activities into elementary classrooms

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
H.O.M.E.S. for Sale
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Educational Use
Rating

In this lesson, students deepen their knowledge of physical and geographic features of the Great Lakes by exploring one of the five Great Lakes in depth with a study group and creating a “for sale sign” poster to present to the class for one of the Great Lakes.

Subject:
Science
Earth and Space Science
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Great Lakes Now
Date Added:
12/20/2021
Investigating Contour Maps: Creating Contour Maps By Surveying
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This activity is a field investigation where student create a life-sized contour map and discuss why some contour lines are different from others.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Pedagogy in Action
Author:
John W. Wrobel
Date Added:
02/24/2021
Investigating Karst Topography and Its Connection to SE Minnesota Sinkholes and Cave Formations
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This activity is a field investigation where students will be able to observe sinkholes located in the southeastern Minnesota area and a cave system in Forestville State Park which will assist them in defining Karst topography.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
Science Education Resource Center (SERC) at Carleton College
Provider Set:
Pedagogy in Action
Author:
Anne Feist
Date Added:
02/24/2021
The Last Great Race: Teaching the Iditarod
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This article gives background information on the Iditarod race in Alaska and shows how the race can be used in Grades K-5 classrooms to incorporate science, geography and language arts. The author provides links to resources that involve reading expository tests and writing assignments as well as working with real-time data. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears.

Subject:
Science
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears
Jessica Fries-Gaither
National Science Foundation
Date Added:
10/17/2011
Lessons and Activities about Exploration
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This article includes integrated lessons, activities, and ideas for teaching about exploration and polar explorers in the elementary classroom.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Mapping the Mountains
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Some Rights Reserved
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Students will describe features shown on topographic maps as they plan a route for a bicycle race around the school neighborhood. First, they will create clay mountains and learn how to make topographic maps of their landforms. Then they will interpret topographic maps made by other students in the class to match each mountain to its map. Finally, they will use topographic maps of the school campus to plan an exciting but safe bike race route. This lesson results from a collaboration between the Alabama State Department of Education and ASTA.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Alabama Learning Exchange (ALEX)
Date Added:
02/10/2021
Meet the Great Lakes
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Educational Use
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In this lesson, students will be introduced to physical and geographic features of the Great Lakes, including the size, area, amount of water, and locations of each, as well as the significance of the Great Lakes to many aspects of life for the region in which they are located.

Subject:
Science
Earth and Space Science
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Great Lakes Now
Date Added:
12/20/2021
The North (Wall) Star
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Educational Use
Rating

Celestial navigation is the art and science of finding one's geographic position by means of astronomical observations, particularly by measuring altitudes of celestial objects sun, moon, planets or stars. This activity starts with a basic, but very important and useful, celestial measurement: measuring the altitude of Polaris (the North Star) or measuring the latitude.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Janet Yowell
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Matt Lippis
Penny Axelrad
Date Added:
10/14/2015
Northward Ho!
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Students create and use their own simple compasses, which are each made from a bowl of water, strong magnet, stick pin and Styrofoam peanuts. They learn how compasses work and about cardinal directions. They come to understand that the Earth's magnetic field has both horizontal and vertical components.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Janet Yowell
Jeff White
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Matt Lippis
Penny Axelrad
Date Added:
10/14/2015
Nunavut, Canada: The Sounds and the Silence
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This article profiles Gerrit Vyn and Martha Fischer, sound recordists with the Macaulay Library, Cornell University, and their expedition to Nunavut, Canada, to record male sanderling vocalizations.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Colleen McLinn
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Planning Polar Expeditions Integrates Math, Science, and Geography
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This article highlights lessons and activities that ask students to plan expeditions to Antarctica. Students use math, science, and geography to plan their routes, clothing, and food.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Plot Your Course - Navigation
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Educational Use
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In this unit, students learn the very basics of navigation, including the different kinds of navigation and their purposes. The concepts of relative and absolute location, latitude, longitude and cardinal directions are explored, as well as the use and principles of maps and a compass. Students discover the history of navigation and learn the importance of math and how it ties into navigational techniques. Understanding how trilateration can determine one's location leads to a lesson on the global positioning system and how to use a GPS receiver. The unit concludes with an overview of orbits and spacecraft trajectories from Earth to other planets.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Date Added:
10/14/2015
Polar Explorers - Issue 18, February 2010
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This issue of the free online magazine, Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears, explores the historical and current exploration of the Arctic and Antarctica and provides resources that help elementary teachers incorporate a study of polar explorers into their curriculum.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
The Ohio State University
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Polar Explorers: Unit Outlines
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This article assembles free resources from the Polar Explorers issue of the Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears cyberzine into a unit outline based on the 5E learning cycle framework. Outlines are provided for Grades K-2 and Grades 3-5.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
Possible Locations
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Educational Use
Rating

Students use their knowledge of scales and areas to determine the best locations in Alabraska for the underground caverns. They cut out rectangular paper pieces to represent caverns to scale with the maps and place the cut-outs on the maps to determine feasible locations.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Remote Sensing Makes Sense in the Polar Regions
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This article describes Katy Farness' work with the Byrd Polar Research Center at the Ohio State University. Farness used remote sensing images and computer technology to create detailed images of Antarctica and the ice sheets of Greenland.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
A Sense of Place
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Place and Location are two of the five themes of geography and a natural starting point for a study of the Arctic and Antarctica. Location answers the question, "Where am I?" while the study of place asks, "What kind of a place is it?" and, "How does this place connect to my hometown?" This issue of Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears examines how you can introduce the Arctic and Antarctica and use science, geography, literacy, and technology to help your students compare and contrast these two dramatically different areas as well as their own home. Get ready for an adventure as you and your students develop your polar sense of place!

Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears is an online professional development magazine for elementary teachers which focuses on preparing teachers to teach polar science concepts in an already congested curriculum by integrating inquiry-based science with literacy teaching. Such an integrated approach can increase students' science knowledge, academic language, reading comprehension, and written and oral discourse abilities.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson Plan
Teaching/Learning Strategy
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Date Added:
10/27/2006
Taking A Sense of Place Beyond Geography and Science
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This article provides ideas, lessons and resources on how elementary teachers can integrate map skills, math, and art into lessons about the geography of the Arctic and Antarctica.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
The Top (and Bottom) of the World
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This nonfiction article, written for elementary students, discusses the unique characteristics of the North and South poles. The student article is available as a text-only document, illustrated book, and electronic book. Related lesson plans are included for teacher use.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
02/09/2021
The Top (and Bottom) of the World: Grades 4-5: Illustrated Book
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This informational text introduces students to the geographic uniqueness of the North and South Poles. The text is written at a grade four through grade five reading level. This version is a full-color PDF that can be printed, cut and folded to form a book. Each book contains color photographs and illustrations.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Diagram/Illustration
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
08/17/2010
The Top (and Bottom) of the World: Grades 4-5: Text Only Version
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This informational text introduces students to the geographic uniqueness of the North and South Poles. The text is written at a grade four through grade five reading level. This is a PDF containing the informational text and a glossary.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Stephen Whitt
Date Added:
08/17/2010
Using Rock Swaps to Teach About Geographic Diversity
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This article explains how organizing a rock swap between classrooms across the country or around the world can help elementary students investigate geographic and geologic diversity.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Jessica Fries-Gaither
Date Added:
02/09/2021
What's the Problem?
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Educational Use
Rating

Students learn of the impending asteroid impact scenario, form teams and begin to study the situation in depth. A simple in-class simulation shows them the potential for destruction and disaster. They complete worksheets and look at maps to help them define and understand the problem: What is the needed cavern size and depth? What are the geographical areas and natural features? A homework measurement assignment prepares them for the next lesson/activity.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Where Are the Plastics Near Me? (Mapping the Data)
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Educational Use
Rating

In a student-led and fairly independent fashion, data collected in the associated field trip activity are organized by student groups to create useful and informative Google Earth maps. Each team creates a map, uses that map to analyze the results, adjusts the map to include the analysis results, and then writes a brief summary of findings. Primarily, questions of fate-and-transport of plastics are are explored. If data was gathered in the field trip but the teacher does not desire to do the mapping activity, then alternative data presentation and analysis methods are suggested.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Andrey Koptelov
Nathan Howell
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Where Does the Arctic Begin? End?
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This article points out that there is no one official definition for the Arctic. Then the author identifies definitions ranging from geography to climate to culture and more. Maps and other visuals illustrate the definitions. The author suggests that defining the Arctic can be an example for K-Grade 5 students of the nature and challenges of classification systems. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears.

Subject:
Geography
Material Type:
Homework/Assignment
Lecture
Student Guide
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears
Jessica Fries-Gaither
National Science Foundation
Date Added:
10/17/2011
Where is Here?
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Educational Use
Rating

In this lesson, students are shown the very basics of navigation. The concepts of relative and absolute location, latitude, longitude and cardinal directions are discussed, as well as the use and principles of a map and compass.

Subject:
Engineering
Geography
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Lesson Plan
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering
Author:
Janet Yowell
Jeff White
Malinda Schaefer Zarske
Matt Lippis
Penny Axelrad
Date Added:
09/18/2014
Who Got There First? The North Pole Controversies
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This article discusses the controversies surrounding North Pole exploration that began in the early 1900s and continue to be debated today.

Subject:
Geography
History
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Ohio State University College of Education and Human Ecology
Provider Set:
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears: An Online Magazine for K-5 Teachers
Author:
Laura Kissel
Lynn Lay
Date Added:
02/09/2021